Citizenship in Canada

Canadian Citizenship was first introduced in 1947 by the Canadian Citizenship Act. According to Citizenship law both Canadian-born and naturalized citizens have similar rights and duties as citizens of Canada. Children born outside of Canada to Canadian citizens are also recognized as Canadian Citizens; however, their parents must submit an application to obtain a Canadian Citizenship Certificate to prove they are Canadian citizens.

Canadian citizens possess Canadian passport, they have right to vote in Canadian elections. They have absolute right to live in Canada, and the right to leave and enter Canada. Canada recognizes dual citizenship, so you don’t need to give up on your previous passport.

To become a Canadian citizen, you must:

  • be a permanent resident
  • have lived in Canada for 3 out of the last 5 years
  • have filed your taxes, if you need to
  • pass a test on your rights, responsibilities and knowledge of Canada
  • prove your language skills