Canadian Citizenship was first introduced in 1947 by the Canadian Citizenship Act. According to Citizenship law both Canadian-born and naturalized citizens have similar rights and duties as citizens of Canada. Children born outside of Canada to Canadian citizens are also recognized as Canadian Citizens; however, their parents must submit an application to obtain a Canadian Citizenship Certificate to prove they are Canadian citizens.
Canadian citizens possess Canadian passport, they have right to vote in Canadian elections. They have absolute right to live in Canada, and the right to leave and enter Canada. Canada recognizes dual citizenship, so you don’t need to give up on your previous passport.
To become a Canadian citizen, you must:
Express Entry is an electronic management system to organize and process applications for applicants who wish to immigrate to Canada as permanent residents.
How Express Entry System Works:
Step 1: Eligibility
Eligibility to qualify for this system depends on various factors such as education, age, language proficiency, work experience etc. After obtaining 67 points on selection grid the applicants become eligible to submit their profile to Express Entry system.
Step 2: Submit your profile
An Expression of interest (EOI) is submitted by applicants to the Express Entry Pool who meet eligibility criteria under one of 3 federal Canada Immigration Programs or a Provincial Immigration Program,.
Step 3: Receive an Invitation to apply
Applicants’ profiles are ranked against each other according to a points-based system called the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS). The highest ranked candidates will be considered for an invitation to apply (ITA) for permanent residence. Those receiving an ITA must quickly submit a full application and pay processing fees, within a delay of 60-days.
All the provinces and territories in Canada have their own immigration programs, called Provincial Nominee Programs. These programs as based according to the provincial economics and demographic needs. Applicants can apply separately to these provinces or can receive nomination through Express Entry-aligned streams. Some of the popular Provincial Nominee programs are as follows:
Alberta Immigrant Nominee Program (AINP)
Alberta's PNP is comprised of three programs: The Alberta Opportunity Stream, the Alberta Express Entry Stream, and the Self-Employed Farmer Stream. The nominations are given to candidates who meet program-specific criteria and intend to reside in the prairie province.
Ontario Immigrant Nominee Program (OINP)
OINP is among the most popular among the Provincial Nominee Programs. Ontario provides many streams for students, foreign nationals with valid job offers, experience in in-demand occupation in Ontario, entrepreneur and investors to immigrate to Ontario. Its three Express-entry-aligned programs: skilled trades, Human Capital priority stream and French-Speaking skilled worker are extremely successful in bringing talent to Canada to contribute in its economy.
Saskatchewan Immigrant Nominee Program (SINP)
SINP is gaining its popularity through various immigration programs focused to enhance Saskatchewan economy and fill gap in labor market. Those applicants who score 60 out of 100 points can submit their Expression of Interest for SINP. Apart from this Saskatchewan has Express Entry-aligned program to nominate applicants from Express Entry Pool. It majorly provides immigration options under three categories;
Applicants must meet the following minimum requirements:
The Atlantic Immigration Pilot was introduced in 2017, aiming to bring more than 7000 families to Atlantic region of Canada. It allows local employers and communities to fill their requirements by hiring foreign workers. It is a fast-track immigration program that assist foreign nationals to immigrate and settle in Canada’s four Atlantic provinces — Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador and Prince Edward Island
How it works
The AIPP is an employer-driven program which helps employers to hire foreign workers, that is why, applicants must have a job offer from a designated employer and an individualized settlement plan for themselves and their family. Employers do not need to go through LMIA process; however, they need to apply to four provinces or the provinces in which they have a need for foreign worker. There is a list of designated employers for four provinces in Atlantics.
Employers that need to fill a job vacancy quickly will have access to a temporary work permit, so that the candidate and his or her family can come to Canada as soon as possible. In order to obtain this work permit, candidates will need:
On June 19, 2019 Canada has launched two new 5-year pilot programs for caregivers. This provides opportunity to work in Canada as caregiver and also to become permanent resident of Canada in 2 years time period. With this new pilot program Canada intends to welcome 5,500 families per year. Once they have accumulated two years of work experience, the pathway to permanent residence is guaranteed.
Requirements and application process for new caregiver pilot program:
To qualify for this program caregivers need a valid job offer to work in Canada, additionally
The language tests accepted for these pilots are CELPIP-G (English), IELTS – general training (English) and TEF (French). The test results must be less than 2 years old when submitting the application.
Unique features of Home Child Care Provider and Home Support Worker Pilots
The Home Child Care Provider and Home Support Worker pilots will, according to the Canadian government’s website, allow "a clear transition from temporary to permanent status, to ensure that once caregivers have met the work experience requirement, they will be able to become permanent residents quickly".
Parents and Grand Parents of Canadian Citizens can also come to Canada to visit their kids and their families on a temporary visa known as Super Visa. The biggest positive feature of Super Visa is that it allows the visitor to stay for a period of up to two consecutive years at their initial visit without having to renew their status.
The validity of this visa is up to 10 years, allowing for re-entry during this period of time. The Super Visa presents older generations of a family to visit loved ones in Canada for an extended period without work rights.
It allows the spouse or common-law partner of an applicant to be included in the application, but other dependents may not.